WORLD ORDER: Narendra Modi and Xi Jinping take a boat ride on the East Lake in Wuhan; and (below) the Chinese leader watches as Modi plays an instrument during a visit to the Hubei Provincial museum

MODI AND XI DISCUSS ASIA STABILITY AND RESOLVING HISTORIC DISPUTES

CHINESE president Xi Jinping and India’s prime minister Narendra Modi ended in­formal meetings last Saturday (28) with a promise to reduce border tensions after a high-altitude stand-off in the Himalayas last year.

The leaders spent two days in the central Chinese city of Wuhan for discussions on how to mend ties strained when troops from both sides faced off in the Doklam area.

The leaders “underscored the impor­tance of maintaining peace and tranquility in all areas of the India-China border re­gion”, Indian’s foreign ministry said in a statement following the meeting.

“They issued strategic guidance to their respective militaries to strengthen commu­nication in order to build trust and mutual understanding and enhance predictability and effectiveness in the management of border affairs,” it said, adding that the two sides will “earnestly implement various confidence building measures”.

In a statement, China’s foreign ministry said Xi had told Modi that “a friendly Sino- Indian relationship is a significant, positive factor in safeguarding world stability,” add­ing that “China and India should be good neighbours and good friends”.

It did not, however, make any mention of the border dispute.

Instead, Xi emphasised the countries had both traditionally had “an independent for­eign policy”, an oblique reference to India’s discussion with the US, Australia and Japan about balancing against China’s growing assertiveness in what the Trump adminis­tration has begun to refer to as the “Indo- Pacific” region.

The four countries have been in discus­sions over trade and security.

“In dealing with great power relations, China persists in strategic autonomy,” the foreign ministry quoted Xi as saying.

Beijing “persists in promoting the con­struction of a new type of international rela­tions based on mutual respect, fairness and justice, and win-win cooperation”.

New Delhi has also raised concerns about Beijing’s Belt and Road initiative, a global trade infrastructure programme that includes a major project through Pakistan Kashmir, territory that New Delhi claims is illegally occupied.

The issue was not, however, mentioned in either the Indian or Chinese statements.

Instead, the Indian side emphasised that the two leaders had agreed to cooperate on a wide range of issues from economic de­velopment to counter-terrorism.

The leaders “exchanged views on bilat­eral relations, and international and re­gional issues of common concern Saturday morning in a relaxed, friendly atmosphere”, China’s state news agency Xinhua said.

Modi and Xi are set to meet again when the Indian leader visits China in June for a summit of the China and Russia-led Shang­hai Cooperation Organisation security bloc.

Both nations have said they are commit­ted to solving border disagreements through dialogue, but progress has been glacial.

India and China went to war in 1962 over Arunachal Pradesh, with Chinese troops temporarily capturing part of the Himala­yan territory.

The dispute remains unresolved: India considers Arunachal Pradesh one of its northeastern states, while China stakes claim to about 90,000 square kilometres (35,000 square miles) of the area.

In February, Beijing lodged an angry pro­test with New Delhi over a trip by Modi to the state.

Last year, Indian and Chinese troops faced off on the Doklam plateau, an area high in the Himalayas claimed both by China and by India’s ally Bhutan.

The dispute began in June when Chinese troops started building a road on the pla­teau and India deployed troops to stop the project. A crisis was averted in August when the two nuclear-armed nations pulled back.

For its part, China has been concerned about US efforts to draw India into a mari­time “quad” of democracies, including Ja­pan and Australia.

China is also suspicious of India’s hosting of the Dalai Lama and other exiled Tibet­ans. (AFP, Reuters)

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