India to launch third Moon mission in 2021


On the launchpad to come up in Tuticorin in Tamil Nadu, Sivan said, "apart from the spaceport at Sathish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, the land acquisition for a second one has been initiated in Tuticorin district."(Photo: LAURENT EMMANUEL/AFP via Getty Images).
On the launchpad to come up in Tuticorin in Tamil Nadu, Sivan said, "apart from the spaceport at Sathish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, the land acquisition for a second one has been initiated in Tuticorin district."(Photo: LAURENT EMMANUEL/AFP via Getty Images).

ISRO on Wednesday (1) announced that the launch of country’s third lunar mission, Chandrayaan-3 may happen next year and said four from the Indian Air Force have been selected for the ambitious Gaganyaan programme, whose astronaut training would commence soon in Russia.

The announcement comes a day after Indian Minister Jitendra Singh said India will launch Chandrayaan-3 in 2020.

Addressing a press conference in the southern Indian city of Bengaluru, The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) chairman K Sivan said work related to the third lunar mission was going on smoothly.

It will have a lander, rover and a propulsion module like its predecessor, he noted.

He also said the launch of Chandrayaan-3 may shift to next year.

Work on both Chandrayaan-3 and Gaganyaan, the country’s maiden manned space mission, was going on simultaneously, he added.

Noting that Chandrayaan-2 orbiters mission life was seven years, he said it would be used for the third lunar mission as well.

Giving an estimate of the project cost for Chandrayaan-3, Sivan said, “it would cost Rs 250 crore (Rs 2.50 billion or £26.52 million).”

On the launchpad to come up in Tuticorin in Tamil Nadu, Sivan said, “apart from the spaceport at Sathish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, the land acquisition for a second one has been initiated in Tuticorin district.”

As regards the choice of location, he said, “It was mainly to get advantages of southward launch especially for SSLV (Small Satellite Launch Vehicle).”

Observing that the pad, once set up would be used for launching SSLVs initially, he said it may be expanded for big ones in future.

On future missions, he said, “25 missions have been planned for 2020.”

“The missions that were planned in 2019 and could not be completed would be finished by March this year,” he said.

When asked what went wrong with Vikram lander of Chandrayaan-2, he said it was due to velocity reduction failure.

“The velocity reduction failure was due to internal reasons,” he said.

Chandrayaan-2 mission was Indias first attempt to land on the lunar surface. The ISRO had planned the landing on the South Pole of the lunar surface. However, the lander Vikram hard-landed.

Sivan also congratulated the Chennai based techie who recently located the Vikram lander that hard-landed and maintained that it was the space agency’s policy not to release picture of the crashed module.

Elaborating on the country’s maiden manned space mission, Gaganyaan, the ISRO chief said, four astronauts have been identified for the mission and their training will start from the third week of this month in Russia.

He also mentioned that all the four astronauts chosen for the programme were men from the Indian Air Force.

“We had good progress in 2019 as regards Gaganyaan. And many of the designs were completed and astronauts selection process is over. Now, four astronauts identified for training purpose.. that process is also completed,” Sivan said.

India has signed agreements with Russia and France for cooperation on the Gaganyaan mission.

The ambitious Gaganyaan mission was announced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi during his Independence Day speech in 2018.

The space agency has sought an allocation of Rs 140bn from the federal government in the budget for 2020-21.