Indian undergraduate students code on their computers. (Photo: XAVIER GALIANA/AFP/Getty Images)

With 49 educational institutions making it to the list, including 25 in the top 200, India has improved its showing in the prestigious university rankings of Times Higher Education Emerging Economies.

China is on top of the 2019 listing with Tsinghua University topping the chart, according to the London-based Times Higher Education (THE), a global organisation that produces data, analysis and expertise on higher education.

The 2019 ranking comprises nearly 450 universities from 43 countries, across four continents.

Indian Institute of Science leads the pack in the 14th position, followed by the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay in the 27th place. The increased competition saw both these institutions slipping back a place this year.

Ellie Bothwell, Global Rankings Editor for THE, said: “Indian institutions have immense potential for success – not only on the emerging stage but globally. But, while progress is clearly being made, other economies that previously lagged behind – such as Egypt and Malaysia – are starting to advance at a much faster rate.

“In this year’s table, India’s institutions perform well in teaching. However, they are significantly behind the global average in terms of international outlook.

“Strengthening this will further elevate the nation’s global reputation for higher education, encourage important research collaborations and help attract international students.”

Last year, India had just 42 universities in the list.

Universities that have made it to this year’s list include The Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, The Indian Institute of Technology Indore, the JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research, Savitribai Phule Pune University, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Banaras Hindu University, Amrita University, the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Pune and Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad.